202 BC - The Battle of Zama results in the defeat of Carthage and Hannibal.
1469 - Ferdinand II of Aragon marries Isabella of Castile, a marriage that paves the way to the unification of Aragon and Castile into a single country, Spain.
1512 - Martin Luther becomes a doctor of theology (Doctor in Biblia).
# 1781 - Major General Lord Charles Cornwallis surrenders to George Washington and Jean-Baptiste Donatien de Vimeur, comte de Rochambeau at Yorktown, Virginia, ending the American Revolutionary War.
1873 - Yale, Princeton, Columbia, and Rutgers universities draft the first code of American football rules.
1933 - Germany withdraws from the League of Nations.
1987 - (Black Monday) Dow Jones Industrial Average falls by 22%.
2003 - Mother Teresa is beatified by Pope John Paul II.
2005 - Hurricane Wilma becomes the most intense Atlantic hurricane on record with a minimum pressure of 882 mb.
1562 - Archbishop George Abbot, Archbishop of Canterbury (d. 1633)
1945 - John Lithgow, American actor
1966 - Jon Favreau, American actor, writer, director
1187 - Pope Urban III
1216 - King John died at Newark Castle
1745 - Jonathan Swift, Irish author (b. 1667)